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Trends in School Violence and Strategies for Securing Your Building

School Security and Safety

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Close up view of school hallway lockers with locksThere are reasonable things for kids to worry about during the school day: fitting in with their peers, avoiding bullies, and passing the dreaded pop quiz. It’s upsetting to think that children today might go to school afraid that they will experience or witness violence.

Kids are exposed to graphic images and eyewitness accounts of school violence on TV and via social media. This creates anxiety that affects their concentration, makes learning more difficult, and can have physical, emotional and behavioral consequences.

The presence of school resource officers, metal detectors, bulletproof barriers and other visible security features, are part of a comprehensive safety plan. But what else could you be doing to keep everyone safe?

Read on for some things to consider as you make changes or upgrades to your school safety strategy.

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The Trend of Violent Crime in Schools

While violent crime in schools has decreased over the past two decades, there is still a significant threat, especially for older kids. Teens are still far more likely to be victims of violent crime than any other age group, and students’ fear for their safety is at the highest rate since 2001.

Infographic showing victims of violent crime by age ranging from 12 to over 65

source: U.S. Department of Education 2015

Recent numbers suggest that those fears are not unfounded:

  • 31 students were killed at their schools during the 2012-2013 school year.
  • In 2014, teenage students experienced about 486,400 nonfatal violent victimizations at school.
  • In 2013, 12% of teen students reported gang presence at their school.
  • In 2015, 4.1% of high school students reported carrying a gun, knife, or club to school on one or more days within the month before the survey.
  • In the same survey, 6% of high school students reported being threatened or injured with a weapon on school property in the 12 months before the survey.
  • In 2009-2010, 74% of public schools recorded one or more violent incidents of crime.

It’s interesting to note that while actual violence has decreased – people threatening violence is on the rise. Bomb threats actually doubled between the 2012-2013 and 2015-2016 school years.

Why Do Violent Crimes Occur at Schools?

While we will never completely comprehend why someone would walk into a school and start shooting, we can theorize that variables, both personal and environmental, contributed to their violent behavior. Experts agree that these are some contributing factors to the rise in school violence.

Stress and depression

Teens are still developing the coping skills needed to manage their emotions appropriately. Some teens become violent in an attempt to express their frustration, and the anger can be directed toward others at school.

Access to weapons

In some cases, kids have easy access to weapons, such as guns or knives. This, combined with the pressure to show off or to be accepted at school can lead to violence.

Social media

Researchers at New Mexico State University found that the more social media attention a mass shooting generates, the more likely it is for a similar incident to occur afterwards. If at least 10 out of every million tweets mention a school shooting following the attack, the likelihood of another school shooting goes up 50% within the next eight days.

Gaming & Other Media

Study after study has shown that teens are more likely to act violently if they participate in violent video games or witness violence in other media. Both the American Psychological Association and the American Academy of Pediatrics strongly recommend against students playing violent video games. The APA stated in 2015 that research has demonstrated a link “between violent video game use and both increases in aggressive behavior … and decreases in prosocial behavior, empathy, and moral engagement.”

How to Make Your School Safer

Keeping children safe at school involves a two-pronged strategy: mitigating the immediate risks and addressing the root causes.

Here are several activities every school should initiate to increase campus safety.

Conduct a threat assessment

Develop and implement threat assessment procedures that are clearly communicated to staff and families. A threat assessment involves evaluating a perceived threat, responding appropriately, and intervening as needed.

Don’t rely on your own school or district administration to conduct an assessment. You’ll need a trained, multidisciplinary team, including a school mental health professional, administrators, and school resource officer or local law enforcement.

Create a culture of safety

Communicate to students their own responsibilities in maintaining a safe environment. Reiterate school rules and behavior expectations, and acknowledge behaviors that contribute to a safe place. Teach students what to do if they believe there is a threat, and remind them how important it is to report potential problems to school officials. Make it easy for teens to report threats by providing anonymous reporting systems.

Secure your Building  

Research security features such as access control systems, wireless locks, bulletproof barriers, and metal detectors. Securing the entryways to your building can buy time –which is invaluable when waiting for first responders to arrive.

Train your staff

Your faculty and staff must have thorough training in crisis intervention and active shooter scenarios. Consider active shooter training and response protocol training as well.

We know from decades of talking to security professionals in many different industries that having an up-to-date security plan and communicating that plan to students, staff, parents and visitors will help keep everyone safe. And while you certainly cannot control the outside world, you can be better prepared to deal with it if you understand the facts.

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